print dimensions: 15 cm x 21 cm
paper: Fabriano Rosaspina Bianco 285 g / m2
Limited edition of 15 numbered and signed prints.
The artist realized her project in the Pablo Picasso Studio of Lithography in Warsaw, the only such place in Poland and one of the few in Europe.
The edition was manually printed from two stones on a 19th century lithographic press. Prints were made using the same methods which lithographers used over 200 years ago.
Lithography was invented by Alois Senefelder at the end of the 18th century in Munich. During the Napoleonic Wars, the new technique quickly spread throughout Europe. Artists such as Francisco Goya, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Pablo Picasso, Jean Miro worked in this technique. Currently, lithography is almost completely forgotten and is on the list of disappearing professions compiled by UNESCO.
Lithography is a graphic technique based on the balance of three elements: stone, grease and water.
A drawing is made on the sanded surface of a special type of limestone, called lithographic stone.
The main component of drawing materials used in lithography is grease. After drawing, it penetrates into the stone structure, permanently changing the properties of the surface on which it is located.
When the stone is ready to accept the printing ink, it is moistened with water. The parts covered with the drawing repel water that collects where there is no grease. The ink is applied with a leather roller, as long as the stone remains wet, only greasy places take printing ink, the remaining areas are protected by water.
The prints are made on lithographic press. Printing ink from stone goes to paper under a pressure of about 300 kg per square centimeter. Such a large pressure also makes the unique texture of the stone imprint on the paper, which can be seen with high magnification.
The edition is all prints signed by the artist. They are printed by the author or under his strict supervision. The print is described by two numbers that are divided by a slash and look like a fraction. The number below the slash is the size of the edition and the upper number is the number assigned. All prints described and signed by the author are originals.
When printing, the artist tries to make all prints the same. However, the fact that it is an art print determines the slight differences between the prints.
Although all the prints are the same, each one is different. By making an analogy with a different field of art, each of the prints is like a separate performance of the same musical composition.
text: Przemysław Runo
photo of the work: Bartosz Górka
photo of the studio: Adam Gut, Przemysław Runo